Elections and Voters

First edition

by Cees van der Eijk and Mark Franklin

Review questions for Chapter 1

  • The chapter mentions a central question addressed by the book. What is this question? (p. 1)
  • Political parties are said in this chapter to vary in their organization and style between two extremes. What are these two extremes? (p. 2)
  • What two distinct threats to democracy did classic anti-system parties pose? (p. 3)
  • What are the main functions of democratic elections? (p. 4-6)
  • Under what circumstances might one say that an election had bestowed a mandate on the winning party or candidate? (p. 5)
  • What is the turnout paradox? (p. 6-7)
  • What is the cost associated with increasing the variety of choices available to a voter at an election? (p. 7-8)
  • What important difference is there between an electorate and the individuals of which it is composed? (p. 12)
  • What is the difference between "parties in the electorate" and "parties in the legislature"? (p.13)
  • What, according to Downs, are the two stages of the voting act? (p. 13)
  • What is the idea of a "median voter," and why do we need an axis of political competition in order to make sense of this idea? (p. 13-14)
  • What are the two major objectives that politicians might have? How would they approach elections differently depending on these objectives? (p. 15)
  • What are the three ways in which electorates can change over time? (p. 16-17)
  • What is a level of analysis and what three levels are particularly important in this book? (p. 12, 19)
  • What feature of a country enables us to refer to it as an "established democracy" and why do we focus primarily on such countries in this book? (p. 21)
  • What two institutional differences constitute fundamental features around which this book is organized? (p. 22-23)
  • What is the puzzle of the ignorant electorate? (p. 24-25)