Introduction to International Relations

Enduring Questions and Contemporary Perspectives

by Joseph Grieco, G. John Ikenberry and Michael Mastanduno

Chapter 2: The Emergence of a Global System of States, 1500–Today

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Chapter Quiz

Test your understanding of this chapter by taking an interactive quiz.


Review the key terms of this chapter by studying these interactive flashcards. To navigate between terms, use the arrow buttons. To reveal the definition, use the button in between or simply click on the card.


Click here to play this chapter’s simulation, in which you play the role of a world leader facing a complex decision.

Outside resources

Video resources

  • Check out a helpful Allen Sens video on imperialism here.
  • To see a time-lapse video of the world’s major wars from 1500 until today, click here.
  • For a crash course video about the history of the Cold War, click here.
  • For a website containing several videos and simulations about the Cold War, click here.

Primary sources and further learning

  • Read an interesting discussion about Game Theory and the Cold War and learn the basics of game theory! Click here.
  • To read the actual text of the Treaty of Westphalia, click here.

Relevant news articles

  • For an article about Iran and the dangers of the Munich analogy in politics today, click here.
  • For an article about the international system today, the Treaty of Westphalia, and China, click here.

Games and activities

  • To play a game simulating the dismal trench warfare of World War I, click here. [Warning: violence]
  • Try this Sporcle quiz on the timeline of events of World War II.