Introduction to International Relations

Enduring Questions and Contemporary Perspectives

by Joseph Grieco, G. John Ikenberry and Michael Mastanduno

Chapter 11: Non-State Actors and Challenges to Sovereignty

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Chapter Quiz

Test your understanding of this chapter by taking an interactive quiz.


Review the key terms of this chapter by studying these interactive flashcards. To navigate between terms, use the arrow buttons. To reveal the definition, use the button in between or simply click on the card.


Click here to play this chapter’s simulation, in which you play the role of a world leader facing a complex decision.

Outside resources

Video resources

  • Take a look at this video summarizing the 25 most ‘failed states’ in the world.

Primary sources and further learning

  • Perhaps the largest instance of non-state violence in the world over the past few years has been Mexico’s bloody drug war. Read this backgrounder from the Council on Foreign Relations about the conflict.
  • Ten things you didn’t know about the Somali pirates: check out this article from the Wall Street Journal about piracy off of Somalia’s coast.

Relevant news articles

  • For an interesting article about Libya’s descent toward ‘state failure,’ check this out.
  • Take a look at this tragic story about another mass killing in Iraq by the terrorist group Islamic State.