Russian Government and Politics

2nd edition

by Eric Shiraev

Part II: Institutions and elections


How members of the Federation Council are nominated and elected

  • Step 1. The President of the Central Electoral Committee in Moscow makes a decision about an election for the seat in the Federation Council.
  • Step 2. Recommendation of candidates. Potential recommenders are a political party, a member of the legislature, or the head of the executive power of the Subject of the Federation where the election will take place.
  • Step 3. Registration of the recommended candidates. Procedures include verification of each candidate's biographical data and their sources of income. The Electoral Committee of the Russia makes it decision and publishes the list of candidates in the media.
  • Step 4. Nomination of the candidates by the legislature or the executive office of the Subject of the Federation. Registration of the candidates.
  • Step 5. Electoral campaign and elections.

Chapter: 4. Topic: the consolidation of executive power

Web links

By electing to follow an aggressive policy of imperial nationalism, Putin and his inner circle missed the emergence of a serious domestic crisis that threatens the very existence of their regime. These same factors may also, however, subvert the country’s growing pro-democratic protest movement, says Andreas Umland.
Chapters: 4 and 7. Topics: executive power, nationalism

Putin warns Obama. Russian Communist paper endorses Russian president’s tough approach.
Chapters: 4, 7, and 12. Topics: executive power, political parties, Russia’s foreign policy

Practice questions

Chapter 4 - The Executive Branch

  • Why did the constitutional crisis take place? pp.93-94
  • Who was Ruslan Khasbulatov? p.94
  • When did the position of president of the Russian Federation established? p.95
  • What is the main function of the Security Council? p.100
  • Who appoints a prime minister of the Russian Federation? p.101
  • The president directs the work of five ministries. Which ones? p.103
  • Russia is called a federation. Why? p.104
  • Explain the term 'power vertical'. p.107
  • How many federal districts does Russia have? p.108
  • Explain three developmental stages in the transformation of executive
  • power in Russia. p.113-14
  • Explain the arguments of those who support the 'sovereign democracy' model. p.114-15

Chapter 5 - The Legislative Branch

  • What is the highest legislative body of the Russian federation? How many chambers does it have? p.117
  • Which party was the most successful in the 1993 elections? p.118
  • Who is Vladimir Zhirinovsky? Which party does he represent? p.119
  • What are 'party lists' during elections? pp.119-20
  • What is a 'one mandate' electoral district? p.120
  • The constitutional amendments of 2008 establish the terms (duration) of service for the president and the Duma. What are they? p.122
  • How many delegates does the Duma have? p.123
  • Who becomes a member of the Federation Council p.128
  • Describe major weaknesses of Russia's legislative system. p.132

Chapter 6 - The Judicial Branch and Justice Administration

  • Who can become a federal judge in Russia? p.137
  • What are the main functions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation? p.138-39
  • Where is the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation located? p.139
  • What are the main functions of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation? p.141
  • What are the main functions of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation? p.143
  • What is the main source of criminal law in Russia? p.143
  • Describe the structure of the Criminal Code. p.144-45
  • Name the main task of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation. p.145-6
  • Under which conditions a foreign citizen may be criminally prosecuted in Russia? p.145
  • What is the main function of the Federal Service of Implementation of Sentencing? p.148
  • What is the main task of the Interior Ministry troops? p.148